Some countries go as far as taking restrictive measures such as ranching just to avoid conflicts related to transhumance sometimes leading to people's death.
But, according to Christian CORNIAUX of Agronomic Research for Development (cirad), ranching (breeding or grazing extensive) is far from being the best solution to overcome the phenomenon.
"Technically, it's possible, but on what surface are we going to put them, whether it's in Sahelian countries or in coastal countries, where am I going to put my thousands of hectares. The minimum is 10% of the territory. The second question is on the land plan. How will the ranches be managed, who will own the land? " he wondered, leaving the debate still open on the question of transhumance, which still requires the collaboration of farmers and ranchers under the umbrella of the authorities at the level of all states.
During a conference organized by Acting For Life NGO whose debate was led by Delphine Bousquet of Radio France Internationale (RFI), several Togolese actors spread the device put in place by Togo to reduce a little bit the problems related to transhumance.
First, Dr. PATO Pidemmewé Steed, veterinarian and focal point of transhumance at the Ministry of Agriculture, said that instructions have been given to tackle this problem of cattle mobility the country faced by various overflows with deaths of men in 2012 in Kpendjal.
"It was from 2014 that technical services were instructed to offer a framework document to be able to resolve the issue of transhumance. Besides this document, there is what we call the operational plan which is a variation of this reference document that tries to list all the deleterious situations that we know and the levers we can operate to be able to solve a number of problems," unpacked Dr. Pato.
In each prefecture of Togo, there is a prefectoral committee of transhumance led by the prefects. This committee is composed of professional organizations, municipalities, traditional chiefs, guides and all those who work to maintain the mobility of livestock.
At the regional level, activities are coordinated by Regional Director; all this help the president of the national committee, the minister in charge of agriculture has the situation in real time compared to poossible drifts.
"Our interventions are part of the government's policy and we try to get all stakeholders to have a shared understanding of livestock mobility by raising awareness about the usefulness of mobility and what it can bring to the farmers," informs Jean YATOMBO, director of GEVAPAF association.
For his part, DJISNABA Karim, representative of the mayor of Cinkasse commune (north-Togo) highlighted the advantages derived by his locality from the mobility of livestock.
"As a community leader, the combined efforts of each other have enabled us to have infrastructures such as hospital and cattle market in Cinkasse, the Tone Commune loading dock and the market on horseback in the Kpendajal commune," he gives as example.
In addition, the representatives of the countries of departure took the floor to justify the reasons of transhumance. DODO Bouraima of RBM made it clear that pastoralists do not drain violence at all, as people in the host countries are trying to convince.
"If I take our Sahelian countries, over the twelve months, we have perhaps four months of rain and the availability of grazing that allows the farmers to continue their activity depends on the amount of water they collect during the rainy season. These four months is what forces them at some point during seven months to make the move," says Boubacar MAÏGA, Program Manager at the regional office of the Network of Communication on Pastoralism (RESOPA).
For his part, Dr. Aliou Ibrahima of the Association for the Promotion of Livestock in the Sahel and Savannah (APESS) talks about insecurity in some countries like Mali. Officially, 37,000 and 34,500 cattle crossed Togolese borders in 2017 and 2018 respectively.